African American revolutionaries in the Atlantic world
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, Frederick Douglass commanded a white racist nation to 'Unchain your black hand!' He gave impassioned speeches inspiring Black men to enlist as soldiers in the Union cause. His own and nationwide campaigns were successful: nearly 200,000 Black men served as soldiers.
They endured the traumas of two wars: they faced the no man's land of warfare in which they encountered the hate of confederate armies and the no man's land of white racism in a nation that continued to destroy Black lives.